largest of the northeastern
states of India, Assam is the
Gateway to the northeast of
India. Assam, the land of unexplored
opportunities welcomes you to
its land of plenty.
Both the Central and State Governments
are attaching a great deal of
importance to create an investment
friendly climate in the state
and are offering a whole range
of subsidies and incentives
to set up industrial units in
the state with the Central Government earmarking 10% of Union Development Budget for North East India.
Assam is rich in natural resources,
minerals, forests and water
and has vast tracts of fertile
land. It is primarily an agrarian
economy, with 74% of it's population
engaged in agriculture and allied
activities. Cereals like paddy,
wheat and plantation crops like
tea are grown extensively. Amongst
mineral resources, oil takes
the top place. Oil was first
struck more than one hundred
years ago and the oil well of
Digboi and other areas is a
major source of fuel for not
only the North-East but for
the country as a whole.
of Assam can be broadly divided
into three sectors- Primary
(agriculture, mining etc.) secondary
(manufacturing) and tertiary
(services like electricity,
water, trade, finance, banking,
With its vast
hills and forests, Assam is
the home to a variety of medicinal
herbs and plants such as eg. Sarpagandha (rauvolfia serpentine Benth.ex.Kur), Pippali (Piper longam Linn), Amlakhi (Emblica Officinalis Gaertn), Hilikha (Terinalia Chebula Retz.), Bhomora (Terminalia belerica), Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn.).
About 300 types
of medicinal herbs and plants
are known to exist in abundance
in the state with the Brahmaputra valley
itself having 150 varieties of
herbs and plants of commercial
It is estimated that
only about 5-10% of the plants
and herbs are currently utilised
and the rest hold a vast potential.
economy since time immemorial,
about 77% of Assam's workforce
is engaged agriculture and allied
activities contributing roughly
40% to the state's GDP. Roughly
40% of the total area is cultivated.
An unique product of Assam with a high percentage of Vitamin C (10 mg.) besides Vitamin B (0.02 mg.), Niacin (0.1) per 100 gm. Extractable oil content of the peel is around 0.8% and can be used in the cosmetic industry.
Hatkora: An exclusive export item belonging to the citrus family. Peel is used for tenderizing meat and enhancing flavour in culinary dishes.
Orchids: Of the 925 varieties available in India, over 600 can be grown in Assam. Around 200 varieties are unique to this region of which 60% are ornamental in nature.
Aromatic Rice (Joha Rice): Quality comparable with any popular aromatic rice in the world.
Bhut Jalakia (Capsicum Chinensis Jacq.) : Hottest chilli on earth with Scovelli Heat Unit (SHG) of 10,41,047.
and general environment of Assam
is well suited to sericulture.
Traditional varieties of silk
cultured include eri, muga and
muga silk, known for its fine
sheen and golden colour is used
by the local silk weaving industry
and this has contributed to
the development of the muga
culture in the State. There are vast opportunities in silk
processing and spinning units.
The agro-climatic conditions favors cultivation of wide range of horticultural crops including plantation crops and various fruits and vegetables, flowers, spices, medicinal & aromatic plants, nut crops and tuber crops. Most horticulture products are organic as the use of Chemical Fertilizers is very low with the majority of the farmers still sticking to traditional organic farming methods.
Assam has over 600 varieties of Orchids. Around 200 varieties are unique to this region of which 60% are ornamental in nature. Assam also has a vast array of aromatic plants. At present most of the oils extracted are sold in crude form. Some of the plants are Citronella (Cymbopogan flexuosus Steud Wats), Lemon Grass, Patchouli (Pogostemon cabiln Benth.), Agar (Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.), etc.
of Assam has a rich forest cover
encompassing nearly a quarter
of its land area. Roughly half
of the forests are reserved.
Blessed with plentiful rainfall,
the forests are a reserve of
such commercially useful produce
like timber, bamboo, stone,
cane, etc. Bamboo is
the best natural engineering material on this planet. Government of Assam’s objective to promote bamboo as a substitute for wood, to make it the timber of the 21st century.
India’s 64% and world’s 20% growing stock of bamboo grows in NE India. North east annually harvests bamboo worth of 500 billion rupees.
Consumption of wood is rising at 10% per annum in India. As a subsitute for wood, it can be extensively used as a material for building, scaffolding and furniture.
Assam is rich in mineral resources likeCoal (320 Mn.T.), Limestone (703 Mn.T.), Iron Ore(11 Mn.T) and Granite(1 Bn. Cu. Mtrs) along many more resources like Fireclay, Lithomarge, Fuller's Earth, Sillimanite and Glass Sand.
The coal found in Assam
has a high sulphur content
and high volatile matter content,
thereby reducing its cokeability.
Limestone with reserves of about 500 million tonnes is another important resource and is available in various grades. The China clay available in the Karbi-Anglong district is a vital input for the ceramics industry and has already spawned a few small plants. Deposits of decorative stone like granite estimated to be more than a billion cubic meters are available in various shades and colours, which have a huge market potential locally and abroad.
Opportunities based on minerals are Gasification & Liquefaction of Coal, De-Sulphurisation of Coal, Coal based Power Plant, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Extraction, Exploration of Oil & Natural Gas and HDPE / LLDPE / Polypropylene based industries.
Energy/Oil/Gas Based industry
Assam has over 1.3 billion tonnes of proven crude oil and 156 billion cu. mt of natural gas reserves. Superior quality natural gas available at an attractive price.
Assam accounts for about
15% of India's crude output.
The wells at Digboi, Duliajan,
Sivasagar etc. also produce
Natural gas accounting to about
50% of India's total onshore
The refineries have the following capacities:;
Digboi Refinery (Capacity – 0.65 MMTPA)
Guwahati Refinery (Capacity – 1.00 MMTPA)
Numaligarh Refinery (Capacity – 3.00 MMTPA)
Bongaigaon Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd.
(Capacity – 2.35 MMTPA)
The Assam Gas Cracker Plant is coming up. The HDPE/LLDPE is 220,000 TPA, Polypropelene is 60,000 TPA.
In the last 4 years or so, private sector/JV companies have made about 32 significant hydrocarbon discoveries.
lovers all over the world, wildlife
enthusiasts, sightseers, ornithologists
and photographers, Assam is
a dream destination.
landscape, lush green forests,
wild life sanctuaries, pilgrimage
spots and tea gardens offer
a wide choice to cater to the
tastes of a variety of tourists
from the casual sightseer to
the adventure tourist. With
the withdrawal of the Restricted
Area Permit (RAP), tourism is
poised for a major boom.
There are immense opportunities in the following areas:
Accommodation Projects – Hotels, Motels, Lodges, Resorts
Food Oriented Projects – Restaurants, Cafeterias, Wayside Amenities
Service Oriented Projects – Travel Agencies, Tour Operators, Training Institutes
Ropeways, amusement parks
tourist destination in the state
are given below :
||Kaziranga, Manas, Orang,
Sonai, Rupai, Laokhowa,
Daranga, Bhalukpung, Haflong
||Guwahati, Hajo, Majuli,
|Golf courses with air
||Narengi, Borsola, East
Boraoi and 21 others
has numerous educational institutions
substantial portion of the population
in the 15 to 25 age group in
the major towns being computer
state has a literacy rate of
52.89%. The female literacy
in this region of 43.03% is
higher then the national average
of 39.19%. Assam has four universities
and one agricultural university.
It also has 3 medical colleges
and one for aquaculture.
With reference to technical education,
the state has 4 engineering
colleges including an IIT (Indian
Institute of Technology), 23
vocational training institutes
(ITI), 8 polytechnics and 1
junior technical school. There is a big gap between the national average and state figure in terms of technical education and all efforts are being made to achieve the national average by end of IXth Plan.
As per The Assam Private University Act 2007, the following incentives are available to private investors:
Legal Coverage provided
University to be self financed
Sponsoring body to estbalish endowment fund of Rs. 10 Million in tribal area and Rs. 20 million in other areas.
Allows campus in the state and study centres at different places